From joining the Indian movement for Independence to free India from British rule to becoming an influential leader and then a spiritual reformer, Sri Aurobindo has many shades in life. He had been an Indian Nationalist, a philosopher, a Yogi, a Guru and a Poet. Sri Aurobindo introduced his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution.
Sri Aurobindo (Aurobindo Ghosh) was born in Calcutta. His father was a former member of Brahmo Samaj, religious reform movement and mother was a leading figure in the Samaj. It is said that during Aurobindo’s birth, she was sent to the more salubrious surroundings of Calcutta. Aurobindo though used English but to communicate with servants, he used the Hindustani language.
On his father’s wish, Aurobindo Ghosh along with his two brothers went to England for higher studies. The brothers were taught Latin over there which was a requirement to get admission on good schools and two years later, while his brothers were enrolled at Manchester Grammar School, Aurobindo couldn’t make it because he was considered too young for it. He was exposed to Christian teachings and events.
Literature and Poetry
After the teacher who taught them Latin got migrated to Australia, Aurobindo learned Greek, literature and English Poetry. At one point, Aurobindo thought of himself as a atheist but later he thought of himself as a agnostic.
Indian Civil Services
Aurobindo’s father’s wish was that his son should enter Indian Civil Services but he became financially lacked thus Aurobindo had to study hard and get a scholarship for himself. He passed the competitive exam for ICS and entered but had got no interest in the field and purpose came late to the horse riding practical exam and he was disqualified.
Aurobindo left England for India and there at India, had been waiting for his son to meet him but unfortunately came a news that was actually misinformed. He was told by his agents that the ship in which Aurobindo was travelling had sunk and as his father heard the news, he died.
Aurobindo joined the state service in Baroda and apart from working in the state service, Aurobindo also taught grammar and assisted in writing speeches for Maharaja of Gaekwad. He also contributed in many articles and this was the time when he took interest in politics of India’s Independence struggle against British rule.
Influence by revolution
Aurobindo was highly inspired and influenced by rebellions and revolutions against England. He further took up a secret revolutionary activity as a preparation for open revolt. He made contacts with revolutionaries and helped establish a series of youth clubs.
Arrest and Release
Aurobindo started giving speeches for the free movement and later was arrested in relation to the Alipore Bomb Case. He was under trail for the murder of a chief prosecution witness. He was released after a year of isolated incarceration.
During his jail term, Aurobindo experienced many changes in himself. Spiritual experiences and realizations changed his life completely. According to Aurobindo, he was visited by Vivekananda in jail who spoke to him in nights and when he became a free man, he started learning Yoga and transformed his life completely.
Sri Aurobindo spent his life as a Yoga Guru, as a teacher, as a freedom fighter and finally as a Spiritual leader. Sri Aurobindo had a spiritual vision and philosophies.